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Is Fiber Optic CCTV The Next Logical Surveillance Step?

By Jon Benowitz on February 11, 2014 in Fiber Optic CCTV

There may be a new standard in CCTV in the future.

New styles of cables are becoming much more prevalent within the industry, and appear to be poised to completely replace all of the standard cables that are most often used today.  IP cameras in particular have become increasingly common over the course of the last few years, and you can expect that trend to continue well into the future.  Many experts within the video surveillance industry have predicted that fiber-optic cables are going to be the next huge popularity trend over the course of the next few years.

As of right now, single mode fiber optic cable is considered to be the most expensive, and carries the highest transmission rate.  This is typically because there is only a single strand of cable, with a single transmission mode.  Single mode fiber optic cables are known for having no distortion, and also no overlapping of light pulses, which is a common issue with other types of cable.  There are also other types of fiber optic cables that are available.  Multi-mode is considered to possess the second highest transmission rate, and therefore typically the second most popular cable.

Fiber optic cables being run up to 2500 m, typically have the highest level of transmission speed.  However, when you are going to be transferring data over long distances, between 2000 503,000 m, your best bet is going to be to use a single mode fiber optic cable because multiple paths of light can cause distortion in the cable.

There are multiple reasons why fiber-optic cable has been able to gain popularity in recent years.  Some of these reasons include;

Excellent Speeds – Fiber optic networks are able to operate at speeds that reached gigabit range.  This is much higher than the speed that is provided by other types of cables, and is one of the main reasons why many surveillance operations have turned to using fiber-optic cables.

Higher Bandwidth – Another reason why many have moved to fiber-optic cables in recent years is because of the larger bandwidth capacity.  Signals are able to be transmitted without the need to be refreshed or strengthened, which means that those that run the surveillance operation will spend much less time worrying about bandwidth.

Less Noise Overall – Another reason why many have turned to fiber-optic cables in recent years includes the fact that it produces less noise overall.  Fiber-optic cables have a greater overall resistance to electromagnetic noise that is typically produced by radios, motors, and other nearby cables.

More Reliable – Fiber optic cables are generally more reliable as well.  They are able to be maintained much more cost effectively than your typical CCTV cables, which often require regular maintenance.

Higher Quality Video – Although the camera will be recording the same video, fiber-optic cables allow for a larger amount of data to be transferred in a shorter period of time, with less interference.

Light Weight – Another popular reason that many choose fiber-optic cable is the fact that it is extremely lightweight.  The cables themselves will weigh much smaller amounts, allowing you to run cable over a wide range without having to worry about any additional issues that could affect the quality of the video overall.

Temperature-Stable: Fiber optic networks are also temperature stable, meaning that you will not have to worry about ranges and performance based on the temperature.

When Is Fiber the Right Choice?

There are many situations in which fiber-optic cabling may be a better choice over the other available options.  Not only does it provide you with interference immunity, more reliability for security, and huge bandwidth capability, but it provides a better overall quality as well.  For years: actual cabling has been the traditional choice of transition method for video surveillance traffic, but it appears that fiber-optic cables are going to replace the traditional RG-59U cables.

With the traditional standard equipment it is recommended that you not run the cable more than 750 feet in total, which fiber optic cable can greatly improve on.  The maximum recommended distance for any of your standard pieces of security equipment of today is 750 feet in total.

Fiber is the right choice for any business that is looking to cover a large amount of space with their security equipment, utilizing their local area network.  Because of the excellent speed and higher amounts of bandwidth that fiber-optic cables can utilize, they are a symbol option that can improve many different video installations immediately.  However, they are particularly interesting for individuals that have long cable run distances, and certain power requirements.

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Jon BenowitzView all posts by Jon Benowitz

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